If you have began your vegetable gardening journey, you may have heard the words companion planting. So what exactly is companion planting you ask? Companion planting is planting different garden plant varieties near each other, so that the plants benefit one another. Plant choices are vital to successful companion planting. When done correctly, companion planting can really make your vegetable garden flourish.
So what is the key to successful companion planting? Well there are several. Read below to find out how to make companion planting work best for you!
1. Put tall plants to work for you.
For example, plant your taller plants such as spinach between the shorter plants such as peppers. As your spinach grows it will provide shade that will help your peppers.
2. Grow garden plants with deep and shallow roots as partners.
Shallow rooted plants won’t compete for vital food when planted among deep-rooted plants.
3. Mix plants that insects love with plants they don’t like.
How brilliant is this idea? Did you know that members of the onion family repel plant-eating insects? Aphids and even nasty old beetles avoid onions. Garlic also keeps Japanese beetles away! Who knew?
4. Encourage insect eating bugs to visit your garden and stay for awhile.
Lady beetles adore morning glories. Plant these among your veggies for not only extra eye appeal and color, but will invite the bugs you WANT to have in your garden. These bugs will eat the bugs you don’t want.
5. Garden plants in the same family don’t mix
Similar plants can compete for the same food in the soil. Avoid mixing them so all plants have a fair shot!
So when planting your vegetable garden this year, think about the many benefits of companion planting! Not only is it simple and cost effective, but your plants will be healthier and your harvest rich!